24 , 2016-08-29 , Osaka School of International Public Policy
Parental involvement is essential for children's education. Several studies have examined relationships between parental involvement and parents'socioeconomic status. However,less attention has been placed on school influences on parental involvement even though schools play an important role in children's education, and can also, in turn, affect the parents as well.This study addressed the question:how informative school outreach influence parents of children in different school levels to get involved in their children's education? The present study examined a nationally represented sample of elementary and middle school children in Japan (3,939 fourth grade students from 140 schools and 4,143 eighth grade students from 133 schools) from Trends International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011. Findings revealed that different types of informative school outreach have different effects depending on the school level.