||Twenty years of “sport for development and peace” in international society : towards the development of “sport for tomorrow” in japan
102 , 2016-03 , Graduate School of Human Sciences
Japan has commenced participation in SDP in the run-up to the Tokyo Olympics/Paralympics 2020, as declared by the Japanese Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, in his speech during the final presentation in the bidding. For Japan to progress into this area it is essential to be fully knowledgeable of the international SDP movements, and therefore in this research I clarify the information, experiences, and expertise of the international SDP societies. To analyze the SDP trends chronologically, I divided the facts and histories into three sections: 1) the trends of SDP FIELDS mainly in the developing countries, 2) the trends of SDP POLICIES, focusing on the United Nations and the official development assistances in some countries, 3) the trends of SDP RESEARCHES which are anticipated to link the fields and administrating policies. Following the introduction in chapter 1, in chapter 2, I cover from 1994, the year of the Lillehammer Winter Olympics/Paralympics, to 2003. In chapter 3, I describe the SDP development from the establishment of the International Working Group on Sport for Development and Peace (IWGSDP) from 2004 to 2013. By analyzing the trends of the fields, policies and researches, I evaluate the first decade as the preliminary term to launching SDP. Due to efforts of concerned people, the SDP area has rapidly grown in the last decade. Although we cannot predict the next decade of SDP, we have to closely monitor the contribution of the Japanese SDP, too. It might contribute to the expansion of SDP trends in the world, it might be lost in the big wave of international SDP, or it might offer a new style of Japanese SDP after reflections on SDP’s international activities. The achievement of SDP internationally is a consequence of the comprehensive efforts of and cooperation between the field, the policy and the research. However, recently, we have been faced with some new problems, and the required role of research has been gradually changed, in that it is expected to be objective and to monitor SDP actions more critically, instead of being only promotional. In this case, contributions from such areas as development anthropology, development sociology, school health, and sport management will be required. To introduce such perspectives newly is, of course, essential for the future Japanese SDP, and conversely, any lack of communication between sectors would definitely drive us to compartmentalization.