Does trade liberalization help to reduce gender inequality? A cross-country panel data analysis of wage gapDoes trade liberalization help to reduce gender inequality? A cross-country panel data analysis of wage gap
27 , 2016-02-18 , Osaka School of International Public Policy
This paper examines the relationship between trade openness and the gender wage gap using the wage data divided into six sectors and three different skill levels (high-, medium- and low-skill) in 19 developed countries from 1995 to 2005. We apply static and dynamic panel data models to investigate whether greater trade openness has affected the gender wage gap. The results from the fixed effects model indicate that trade openness decreases the wage gap between male and female workers in medium- and low-skill jobs, while the relationship between trade openness and the wage gap is insignificant in high-skill jobs. When the two-step difference generalized method of moments (GMM) is employed, trade openness is found to reduce the wage gap in medium-skill jobs, but its effect on the wage gap is insignificant in high- and low-skill jobs.