Technical Report 国民国家に関する覚書(Ⅱ) : その制度と理念

常木, 淳  ,  Tsuneki, Atsushi  ,  ツネキ, アツシ

957pp.1 - 18 , 2016-02 , The Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University
This article first articulates the origin and characteristics of the nation state as a modern political institution in comparison with the state in general, by combining the argument on the nature of nations by Benedict Anderson and the analysis of states by the new institutional economics. It next clarifies the reason why the present nation states have constitutional liberal democracy or near-democracy that has many common features with constitutional democracy, and argues for the necessities that the modern international society is divided by the nation states based on the principle of the equality among sovereign states. Given these observations, the article finally argues for the salient tendency that the nation states that historically developed in advance have constitutional democracy that justifies its legitimacy as protecting the human right of its citizen while that late-departure nation states claim for its legitimacy by means of nationalism for protecting its national independence and the security and welfare of the people in the nation. It finally comments on the serious problem associated with the international society consisting of the multiple sovereign states.

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