Technical Report Home appliances and gender gap of time spent on unpaid housework : evidence using household data from Vietnam

Vu, Tien Manh

DP-2015-E-002pp.1 - 18 , 2015-08-04 , Osaka School of International Public Policy
We examined the gender gap between wives and husbands with regard to time spent on unpaid housework and the interaction terms between the appearance of home appliances and gender among 36,480 Vietnamese households. We found the gender gap of time is persistent regardless of the number of coresiding children, age cohorts, household size and income, and working status of the couples. Wives spent 40.3–58.6 minutes more on unpaid housework daily. In household fixed-effect estimations, we found the interaction terms had a positive relationship with the time spent on unpaid housework. Where a gas cooker was available, the time spent on unpaid housework of the wife was 16.9 minutes more than that of her husband on a daily basis. However, we did not detect any significant interaction effects among pure dual-wage earners, and where husbands are aged less than 26 years.

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