810 , 2015-05-25 , Scientific Research Publishing Inc.
The spin polarization of a fractional quantum Hall state shows very interesting properties. The curve of polarization versus magnetic field has wide plateaus. The fractional quantum Hall effect is caused by the Coulomb interaction because the 2D electron system without the Coulomb interaction yields no energy gap at the fractional filling factor. Therefore, the wide plateau in the polarization curve is also caused by the Coulomb interaction. When the magnetic field is weak, some electrons have up-spins and the others down-spins. Therein the spin-exchange transition occurs between two electrons with up and down spins via the Coulomb interaction. Then the charge distribution before the transition is the same as one after the transition. So these two states have the same classical Coulomb energy. Accordingly, the partial Hamiltonian composed of the spin exchange interaction should be treated exactly. We have succeeded in diagonalizing the spin exchange interaction for the first and second nearest electron pairs. The theoretical results reproduce the wide plateaus very well. If the interval modulations between Landau orbitals are taken into the Hamiltonian, the total energy has the Peierls instability. We can diagonalize the Hamiltonian with the interval modulation. The results reproduce wide plateaus and small shoulders which are in good agreement with the experimental data.