Departmental Bulletin Paper 現象学からフーコーへ : 初期ジュディス・バトラーにおける身体論の変遷
From Phenomenology to Genealogy : Judith Butler’s Early Thought of the Body
ゲンショウ ガク カラ フーコー ヘ ショキ ジュディス バトラー ニ オケル シンタイ ロン ノ ヘンセン

藤高, 和輝  ,  Fujitaka, Kazuki  ,  フジタカ, カズキ

36pp.103 - 117 , 2015-03-31 , 大阪大学大学院人間科学研究科 社会学・人間学・人類学研究室 , SOCIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, AND PHILOSOPHY Graduate School of Human Sciences OSAKA UNIVERSITY , オオサカ ダイガク ダイガクイン ニンゲン カガク ケンキュウカ シャカイガク ニンゲンガク ジンルイガク ケンキュウシツ
This paper examines Judith Butler’s thought regarding the body in the 1980s. Her theoretical perspective in Gender Trouble (1990) which has become a synonym for Butler, was not created at once. It was gradually formed thorough her speculations during the 1980s. In this paper, we show how her theory in Gender Trouble had been created through her thought in the 1980s. For Butler in the 1980s, the primary problem is the body, where gender is a facet of the problem. What is the body? How should we approach the body? These questions are the problems Butler engages in the 1980s. We can trace her approach to the body in the 1980s as the turn “from phenomenology to genealogy.” In turn, her confrontation with phenomenology played a very important part in the establishment of her theory in Gender Trouble. Butler fi rst found phenomenology a method for approaching the body, redefining genealogy as theorized by Foucault, thorough her later critique of phenomenology, at least in 1989. In this paper, we illustrate the role played by phenomenology in Butler’s thought in the 1980s, and how she shifts from phenomenology to genealogy.

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