Departmental Bulletin Paper 職業としての「シェルパ」をめぐる語りと実践 : ネパール・ソルクンブ郡P 村を事例に
Discourses and Practices of the "Sherpa" : The Case of “P”-Village, Solukhumbu, Nepal
ショクギョウ ト シテ ノ シェルパ ヲ メグル カタリ ト ジッセン ネパール ソルクンブ グン P ムラ ヲ ジレイ ニ

古川, 不可知  ,  Furukawa, Fukachi  ,  フルカワ, フカチ

36pp.119 - 137 , 2015-03-31 , 大阪大学大学院人間科学研究科 社会学・人間学・人類学研究室 , SOCIOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, AND PHILOSOPHY Graduate School of Human Sciences OSAKA UNIVERSITY , オオサカ ダイガク ダイガクイン ニンゲン カガク ケンキュウカ シャカイガク ニンゲンガク ジンルイガク ケンキュウシツ
Solukhumbu District, located in Eastern Nepal, is the homeland of the Sherpa people. This area has Mt. Everest within its territory and has been developed into one of the most famous trekking/climbing places in the world. During the tourist season, more than 30,000 tourists come to the Solukhumbu District and Nepalese guides from various castes and ethnic groups escort them. Sometimes these Nepalese call themselves “Sherpa”. The purpose of this study is to analyze the occupational category “Sherpa”, and in particular, to show how this category is talked about, practiced and reproduced, on the basis of observational data from a climbing school in “P”- Village, Solukhumbu. At this climbing school, students from all over Nepal are taught the techniques of ice-climbing and other climbing/guiding skills, under the guidance of American instructors. Students from the Sherpa ethnic group, people who work as “Sherpa”, and foreign instructors manifest their own differing views and ideas of “Sherpa”, and these views are negotiated in the process of training. So, to become “Sherpa”, students need to objectify their mountainous life world and create ways sharable with their future customers. They will become molded into the occupational category “Sherpa” through notions of “Sherpa”, things like climbing gear and the practice of making roads.

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