Journal Article Block copolymer-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles from silver ions in aqueous media

Sakai, Toshio  ,  Ishihara, Akihiro  ,  Alexandridis, Paschalis

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We report here on the silver (Ag) nanoparticle synthesis in aqueous solutions of poly(ethylene oxide)poly(propylene oxide) (PEO-PPO) block copolymers in the absence of any additional agents. In particular, we examined the effect of reaction temperature, molecular weight of PEO-PPO block copolymer and PEO-PPO block copolymer concentration on the reduction of silver ions (Ag+) and the resulting formation of Ag nanoparticles in aqueous PEO-PPO block copolymer solutions. We found that Ag nanoparticles were formed from aqueous silver nitrate (AgNO3) solutions containing PEO-PPO block copolymer above 100 degrees C. This is most likely due to the dehydration of Ag+ caused by thermal motion of water molecules in higher-temperature aqueous solution at high vapor pressure. We also found that the formation of Ag nanoparticles in aqueous PEO-PPO block copolymer solutions was enhanced with larger molecular weight of PEO-PPO block copolymer and with increase in the concentration of PEO-PPO block copolymer in aqueous solutions. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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