Research Paper 犠牲と宗教と国家 : テロ時代における平和構築の要点
ギセイ ト シュウキョウ ト コッカ : テロ ジダイ ニオケル ヘイワ コウチク ノ ヨウテン
Sacrifice, religion and nation : essentials for peace-building in the age of terror

小原, 克博  ,  コハラ, カツヒロ  ,  Kohara, Katsuhiro

12pp.36 - 52 , 2017-03-31 , 同志社大学一神教学際研究センター , Transcription:ドウシシャ ダイガク イッシンキョウ ガクサイ ケンキュウ センター , Alternative:Doshisha University Center for Interdisciplinary Study of Monotheistic Religions
"Sacrifice" is one of the keywords that require serious consideration when discussing specific aspects of war and peace, because the concept of sacrifice has often been used to raise nationalism and justify war. The act of dying for some noble cause is sometimes regarded as justifiable. In fact, people who died for their country during war were praised for their noble sacrifices. Similarly, people who die for God are praised as martyrs. The logic in praising death for some noble mission is embraced by both nations and religions, and this commonality has often led to the combination of nationalism and religion. In other words, religions can serve to complement the logic of sacrifice required by a nation. To address such a logic of sacrifice, pacifism should be more substantial than mere idealism. In this paper, I will discuss the relationship among nations, religions and war, centering on the keyword of "sacrifice." I will also examine idolatry as a logic used to justify sacrifice, and offer perspectives we should adopt to achieve peace.

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