Departmental Bulletin Paper 日本人への護照交付の起点に関する考察
ニホンジン エノ ゴショウ コウフ ノ キテン ニカンスル コウサツ
The study of starting point of issuing huzhao to Japanese people

篠原, 由華  ,  シノハラ, ユカ  ,  Shinohara, Yuka

6pp.25 - 50 , 2016-03-31 , 同志社大学グローバル・スタディーズ学会 , Transcription:ドウシシャ ダイガク グローバル・スタディーズ ガッカイ , Alternative:The Association of Global Studies, Doshisha University
This research is a study to clarify when the Huzhao was first issued Japanese people in 19th century China. In the end of the Qing dynasty, foreigners who traveled in mainland China were required to always carry the Huzhao through journeys. This system started with the Tianjin Treaty in 1858. Later, the rule of traveling and commerce in this treaty was adopted by many countries, the Huzhao was issued to many people from many countries.

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