Departmental Bulletin Paper 現代イスラエルのイラク系ユダヤ人作家 : サミー・ミハエルとその作品
ゲンダイ イスラエル ノ イラクケイ ユダヤジン サッカ : サミー・ミハエル ト ソノ サクヒン
現代イスラエルのイラク系ユダヤ人作家 : サミーミハエルとその作品
An Iraqi Jewish writer in Israel : Sami Michael and his literary works

天野, 優  ,  アマノ, ユウ  ,  Amano, Yu

6pp.1 - 18 , 2015-03-31 , 同志社大学一神教学際研究センター(CISMOR) , Transcription:ドウシシャ ダイガク イッシンキョウ ガクサイ ケンキュウ センター(CISMOR) , Alternative:Doshisha University, Center for Interdisciplinary Study of Monotheistic Religions (CISMOR)
The Jewish Community of Iraq was one of the oldest among the Jewish Diaspora and was historically significant. In the beginning of the 1950s, however, the majority of the Jews of Iraq (more than 120,000) immigrated to Israel due to an increasing anti-Jewish sentiment in Iraqi society. Sami Michael (1926- ), an Iraqi Jewish intellectual who is a well-known writer and influential public figure in contemporary Israel, also found refuge in Israel in the same period. In this paper I will first trace major historical events that occurred during the first half of the 20th century in Iraq, particularly the pogrom "Farhūd" carried out against Jews in Baghdad, in order to grasp the motifs portrayed in Michael's works. Secondly, I will shed light on the voices of his characters who are marginalized from society, and analyze how Michael describes both Iraq and Israel. Attempts have been made to research Iraqi Jews from various scholarly approaches such as history, sociology, and political science, but the literary works of Iraqi Jewish writers, one of whom is Michael, have been treated only as secondary sources. In the conclusion I will suggest the possibility of an alternative approach to Michael's works from a literary point of view.

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