Departmental Bulletin Paper 社会的企業と当事者参加 : 日伊における実践の質的データ分析から
シャカイテキ キギョウ ト トウジシャ サンカ : ニチイ ニオケル ジッセン ノ シツテキ データ ブンセキ カラ
Participation to social enterprises : based on interviews in Japan and Italy

南, 友二郎  ,  ミナミ, ユウジロウ  ,  Minami, Yujiro

(112)  , pp.35 - 62 , 2015-03-20 , 同志社大学社会学会 , Transcription:ドウシシャ ダイガク シャカイ ガッカイ , Alternative:The Association of Social Studies, Doshisha University
本研究の目的は, 社会的企業における当事者参加の現状と課題を調査から明らかにし,参加の促進方策に関し考察することである。日伊にて半構造化面接を実施し, 面接と分析時には, Victor Pestoffによる参加の考え方を用いた。結果として, (1)既存制度, 資源の活用, (2)経営参加の乏しい状況, (3)日本での当事者間支援の実態, (4)参加の高い日常性・継続性, があった。当事者参加促進のため, 事業体内部で, (1)経営分節化による, 当事者の経営参加の促進, (2)定期的リ・アセスメントの仕組み構築, (3)学びと情報蓄積をする仕組み構築が必要であり, 事業体外では, (1)連携と協働の仕組み構築, (2)連携・協働を行政がいかに支援するのかの明確化が必要であった。
The purposes of this paper are to clarify the situation of participation to social enterprises(SE) by those affected by social risks, and to examine methods to promote their participation. Main results about the situation of participation are ; 1) SE are promoting participation by making use of existing institutions and others, 2) scarce situation of participation to SE's management, 3) in Japan, some of those affected have changed their roles from being supported to supporting others, and 4) high ratio of durability/ordinariness of participation. What should be done inside SE towards further promotion of participation are as follows; 1) to promote participation by segmentation of management flow, 2) to establish a re-assessing system of their needs, and 3) to establish a system to accumulate learning and information. Outside SE, 2 factors should be completed; 1) to establish a system of partnership/collaboration, and 2) to clarify what roles public bodies must conduct to assist such partnership/collaboration. This paper is meaningful in 2 points; 1) it illustrated the reality of participation in practices, and 2) it pointed out concrete methods to promote participation.

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