Departmental Bulletin Paper パトナムの選言説批判とリベラルな自然主義
Putnam's Criticism against Disjunctivism and Liberal Naturalism

横山, 幹子

15 ( 2 )  , pp.1 - 16 , 2018-03-31 , Editional Board of "Library, Information and Media Studies" , 「図書館情報メディア研究」編集委員会
Hilary Putnam, an American philosopher died on March 13, 2016. In his philosophical career, he changes his position towards realism in pursuit of a satisfying philosophical realism, which can accept both the scientific worldview and the commonsense worldview. First, he endorses metaphysical realism (in a narrow sense). Next, he argues for internal realism. Then, in the Dewey Lectures, he advocates natural realism (commonsense realism) involving disjunctivism. But in his later years, while he still endorses commonsense realism, he argues against disjunctivism. And he advocates liberal naturalism and liberal functionalism. This article examines whether liberal naturalism and liberal functionalism are reasonable, focusing on his criticism against disjunctivism. To that end, I will start with an account of natural realism and disjunctivism in "The Threefold Cord: Mind, Body, and World". Next, I will review liberal naturalism and liberal functionalism. Then, I will organize Putnam’s objection to disjunctivism in his later years. Finally, I will argue that while liberal naturalism and liberal functionalism is fairly reasonable, there is a problem with the role of philosophical analysis (common sense =philosophy?) in it.

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