Journal Article High-sensitivity quantitative analysis reveals the non-linear relationship between the dose and deposition of diphenylarsinic acid in the rat central nervous system following its subchronic exposure

Masuda, Tomoyuki  ,  Ishii, Kazuhiro  ,  Nakayama, Tomohiro  ,  Iwasaki, Nobuaki  ,  Shibata, Yasuyuki  ,  Tamaoka, Akira

65pp.26 - 33 , 2017-12 , Elsevier
In the year 2003, the residents of Kamisu, Japan, were exposed to pentavalent organic arsenic diphenylarsinic acid (DPAA[V]) via their normal drinking water. Following the exposure, they developed cerebellar and brainstem symptoms. Although the relatively high dose of DPAA(V) is assumed to have caused their symptoms, the relationship between the exposed dose of DPAA(V) and the level of their deposition in the central nervous system (CNS) remains unclear. Using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry, we examined the deposition of DPAA(V) and its pentavalent metabolites in the CNS tissues of Crl:CD(SD) rats following the administration of DPAA(V) for 28 days. We found that the concentrations of DPAA(V) in the CNS were very high, given a dose of 5.0 mg/kg/day. However, very low concentrations of DPAA(V) were detected at a dose of 0.3 or 1.2 mg/kg/day, suggesting the absence of a linear dose-response relationship between the dose and deposition of DPAA(V). We also found that this non-linear relationship was commonly observed in various non-CNS tissues, including the excretory system. Our study showed for the first time the exact relationship between the dose and tissue deposition of the organic arsenic following its subchronic administration.

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