Journal Article Postoperative daily living activities of geriatric patients administered general or spinal anesthesia for hip fracture surgery: A retrospective cohort study

Fukuda, Taeko  ,  Imai, Shinobu  ,  Nakadera, Masaya  ,  Wagatsuma, Yukiko  ,  Horiguchi, Hiromasa

26 ( 1 )  , p.230949901775410 , 2018-01 , SAGE Publications
ISSN:2309-4990
Description
Purpose:Maintaining independence after hip fracture repair is important for geriatric patients and general welfare. We investigated the effects of anesthetic methods on postoperative activities of daily living (ADLs) following hip fracture surgery in elderly patients.Methods:The medical records of 12,342 patients aged ≥65 years who underwent typical surgeries for hip fracture using either general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia were reviewed. To adjust for baseline differences and minimize selection bias for the chosen method of anesthesia, patients were matched by propensity scores. Factors affecting the deterioration in ADLs during hospital stay were also investigated in all subjects using a multivariate logistic regression analysis. Eating, grooming, toileting, bathing, and walking were selected as the ADL parameters, as they are considered important for an independent life.Results:Of the 12,342 patients, 6918 (56.1%) received general anesthesia and 5424 (43.9%) received spinal anesthesia. After the propensity score matching, the anesthesia types were not associated with ADL scores except toileting at discharge. Results from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the types of anesthesia were not associated with deterioration in ADL scores. Advanced age, male sex, high Charlson Comorbidity Index scores, psychiatric disease, no administration of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and short length of hospital stay were associated with deterioration in ADL scores.Conclusion:The anesthesia types were not associated with ADL dependency except toileting at discharge. Spinal anesthesia adversely affected toilet use at hospital discharge. However, anesthesia types were not factors that affected deterioration in ADL during hospital stay in elderly patients who underwent hip fracture surgery.
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