186 , 2017-06 , 日本体育学会 , Japan Society of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences
In soccer, passing has a decisive influence on the match, and can be said to be one of the game's most important elements. Regardless of playing style, in order to win, soccer players must master the ability to deliver the ball accurately to teammates. Therefore, the training menu of coaches must ensure precise passing of the ball. Even if coaches teach this, the outcome depends on the skills of individual players. If it is possible to reduce the number of failed passes as far as possible, then a better strategy than the opposing team can be achieved. For this purpose, it is necessary to refine the “passing wisdom” of soccer players. As the importance of passing in soccer is widely recognized, a number of studies have addressed this aspect. For example, an attempt has been made to clarify the mechanical structure of the kick from a biomechanics perspective, and to clarify the structure of cognitive perception from a sports psychology perspective. However, to our knowledge, there has been no phenomenological analysis of “passing wisdom” in soccer players to date. In order to analyze this, a phenomenology (Bewegungslehre des Sport) perspective needs to be adopted, and this was done in the present study. This revealed the following 7 abilities: 1) The ability to sense other players' intention. 2) The ability to sense whether the criteria for successful action meet other players' intention. 3) The ability to construct a situation based on one's own analysis. 4) The ability to recognize the criteria for effective passing. 5) The ability to sense the receiver of the pass. 6) The ability to visualize the course of the pass. 7) The ability to apply the technique to a constructed situation based on one's own analysis.