||Electric field and aging effects of uniaxial ferroelectrics Sr x Ba1−x Nb2O6 probed by Brillouin scattering
Aftabuzzaman, M. ,
Helal, M. A. ,
Paszkowski, R. ,
Dec, J. ,
Kleemann, W.Kojima, S.
7p.11615 , 2017-09 , Nature Publishing Group
Static and dynamic heterogeneity of disordered system is one of the current topics in materials science. In disordered ferroelectric materials with random fields, dynamic polar nanoregions (PNRs) appear at Burns temperature and freeze into nanodomain state below Curie temperature (TC). This state is very sensitive to external electric field and aging by which it gradually switches into macrodomain state. However, the role of PNRs in such states below TC is still a puzzling issue of materials science. Electric field and aging effects of uniaxial ferroelectric Sr x Ba1−x Nb2O6 (x = 0.40, SBN40) single crystals were studied using Brillouin scattering to clarify the critical nature of PNRs in domain states below TC. On field heating, a broad anomaly in longitudinal acoustic (LA) velocity at low temperature region was due to an incomplete alignment of nanodomains caused by the interaction between PNRs. A sharp anomaly near TC was attributed to the complete switching of nanodomain to macrodomain state owing to the lack of interaction among PNRs. After isothermal aging below TC, the noticeable increase of LA velocity was observed. It was unaffected by cyclic temperature measurements up to TC, and recovered to initial state outside of a narrow temperature range above and below aging temperature.