Journal Article Irregular oscillatory patterns in the early-time region of coherent phonon generation in silicon

Watanabe, Yohei  ,  Hino, Ken-ichi  ,  Hase, Muneaki  ,  Maeshima, Nobuya

96 ( 12 )  , p.125204 , 2017-09 , American Physical Society
Coherent phonon (CP) generation in an undoped Si crystal is theoretically investigated to shed light on unexplored quantum-mechanical effects in the early-time region immediately after the irradiation of ultrashort laser pulses. We examine time signals attributed to an induced charge density of an ionic core, placing the focus on the effects of the Rabi frequency Ω0cv on the signals; this frequency corresponds to the peak electric-field of the pulse. It is found that at specific Ω0cv's, where the energy of plasmon caused by photoexcited carriers coincides with the longitudinal-optical phonon energy, the energetically resonant interaction between these two modes leads to striking anticrossings, revealing irregular oscillations with anomalously enhanced amplitudes in the observed time signals. Also, the oscillatory pattern is subject to the Rabi flopping of the excited carrier density that is controlled by Ω0cv. These findings show that the early-time region is enriched with quantum-mechanical effects inherent in the CP generation, though experimental signals are more or less masked by the so-called coherent artifact due to nonlinear optical effects.

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