Journal Article Plasma miRNA expression profiles in rheumatoid arthritis associated interstitial lung disease

Oka, Shomi  ,  Furukawa, Hiroshi  ,  Shimada, Kota  ,  Hashimoto, Atsushi  ,  Komiya, Akiko  ,  Fukui, Naoshi  ,  Tsuchiya, Naoyuki  ,  Tohma, Shigeto

18p.21 , 2017-01 , BioMed Central
BackgroundInterstitial lung disease (ILD) is frequently associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and is designated RA-associated ILD (RA-ILD). RA-ILD has a large impact on the prognosis of RA. Here, we investigated the micro RNAs (miRNAs) profiles to determine whether they may be useful for diagnosing RA-ILD.MethodsRNA was isolated from plasma samples and cDNA was synthesized. Real-time RT-PCR analysis was performed to evaluate 752 miRNA expression profiles in plasma pools from RA patients with or without RA-ILD. Sixteen selected miRNA levels were analyzed in individual plasmas from 64 RA patients with or without RA-ILD.ResultsExpression levels of hsa-miR-214-5p (mean relative expression level ± standard deviation, 8.1 ± 28.2 in RA with ILD, 0.2 ± 0.9 in RA without ILD, P = 0.0156) and hsa-miR-7-5p (56.2 ± 260.4 in RA with ILD, 4.7 ± 11.8 in RA without ILD, P = 0.0362) were higher in RA patients with RA-ILD than in those without. The values of miRNA index (214, 7) generated from hsa-miR-214-5p and hsa-miR-7-5p for ILD were significantly elevated in RA patients with RA-ILD compared with those without (0.122 ± 0.332 in RA with ILD, 0.006 ± 0.013 in RA without ILD, P = 0.0010). The area under the curve value of the receiver operating characteristic curve for the miRNA index (214, 7) was 0.740.ConclusionsTo the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of miRNA profiles in RA-ILD. The expression levels of hsa-miR-214-5p and hsa-miR-7-5p were increased in RA with ILD.

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