Journal Article An Investigation on Attributes of Ambient Temperature and Diurnal Temperature Range on Mortality in Five East-Asian Countries

Lee, Whan-Hee  ,  Lim, Youn-Hee  ,  Dang, Tran Ngoc  ,  Seposo, Xerxes  ,  Honda, Yasushi  ,  Guo, Yue-Liang Leon  ,  Jang, Hye-Min  ,  Kim, Ho

7 ( 1 )  , p.10207 , 2017-08 , Nature Publishing Group
Interest in the health effects of extremely low/high ambient temperature and the diurnal temperature range (DTR) on mortality as representative indices of temperature variability is growing. Although numerous studies have reported on these indices independently, few studies have provided the attributes of ambient temperature and DTR related to mortality, concurrently. In this study, we aimed to investigate and compare the mortality risk attributable to ambient temperature and DTR. The study included data of 63 cities in five East-Asian countries/regions during various periods between 1972 and 2013. The attributable risk of non-accidental death to ambient temperature was 9.36% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8.98–9.69%) and to DTR was 0.59% (95% CI: 0.53–0.65%). The attributable cardiovascular mortality risks to ambient temperature (15.63%) and DTR (0.75%) are higher than the risks to non-accidental/respiratory-related mortality. We verified that ambient temperature plays a larger role in temperature-associated mortality, and cardiovascular mortality is susceptible to ambient temperature and DTR.

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