Journal Article Adjustable vertical vibration isolator with a variable ellipse curve mechanism

Asai, Takehiko  ,  Araki, Yoshikazu  ,  Kimura, Kosuke  ,  Masui, Takeshi

46 ( 8 )  , pp.1345 - 1366 , 2017-07 , Wiley
This paper presents a passive vertical quasi-zero-stiffness vibration isolator intended for relatively small objects. The present isolator has features of compactness, long stroke, and adjustability to various load capabilities. To realize these features, we use constant-force springs, which sustain constant load regardless of their elongation, and propose a variable ellipse curve mechanism that is inspired by the principle of ellipsographs. The variable ellipse curve mechanism can convert the restoring force of the horizontally placed constant-force springs to the vertical restoring force of the vibration isolator. At the same time as converting the direction, the vertical restoring force can be adjusted by changing the ratio of the semi-minor axis to the semi-major one of the ellipse. In this study, a prototype of a class of quasi-zero-stiffness vibration isolator with the proposed variable ellipse curve mechanism is created. Shaking table tests are performed to demonstrate the efficacy of the present mechanism, where the prototype is subjected to various sinusoidal and earthquake ground motions. It is demonstrated through the shaking table tests that the prototype can reduce the response acceleration within the same specified tolerance even when the mass of the vibration isolated object is changed

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