Journal Article Measurements of top-quark pair to Z-boson cross-section ratios at s√=13 , 8, 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector

The ATLAS collaboration  ,  Hara K.  ,  Kim S.H.  ,  Okawa H.  ,  Sato K.  ,  Ukegawa F.

2017 ( 2 )  , p.117 , 2017-02 , Springer
Ratios of top-quark pair to Z-boson cross sections measured from proton-proton collisions at the LHC centre-of-mass energies of s√=13 TeV, 8 TeV, and 7 TeV are presented by the ATLAS Collaboration. Single ratios, at a given s√ for the two processes and at different s√ for each process, as well as double ratios of the two processes at different s√, are evaluated. The ratios are constructed using previously published ATLAS measurements of the tt¯ and Z-boson production cross sections, corrected to a common phase space where required, and a new analysis of Z → ℓ+ℓ− where ℓ = e, μ at s√=13 TeV performed with data collected in 2015 with an integrated luminosity of 3.2 fb−1. Correlations of systematic uncertainties are taken into account when evaluating the uncertainties in the ratios. The correlation model is also used to evaluate the combined cross section of the Z → e+e− and the Z → μ+μ− channels for each s√ value. The results are compared to calculations performed at next-to-next-to-leading-order accuracy using recent sets of parton distribution functions. The data demonstrate significant power to constrain the gluon distribution function for the Bjorken-x values near 0.1 and the light-quark sea for x < 0.02.

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