Journal Article Systematic Cellular Disease Models Reveal Synergistic Interaction of Trisomy 21 and GATA1 Mutations in Hematopoietic Abnormalities

Banno, Kimihiko  ,  Omori, Sayaka  ,  Hirata, Katsuya  ,  Nawa, Nobutoshi  ,  Nakagawa, Natsuki  ,  Nishimura, Ken  ,  Ohtaka, Manami  ,  Nakanishi, Mahito  ,  Sakuma, Tetsushi  ,  Yamamoto, Takashi  ,  Toki, Tsutomu  ,  Ito, Etsuro  ,  Yamamoto, Toshiyuki  ,  Kokubu, Chikara  ,  Takeda, Junji  ,  Taniguchi, Hidetoshi  ,  Arahori, Hitomi  ,  Wada, Kazuko  ,  Kitabatake, Yasuji  ,  Ozono, Keiichi

15 ( 6 )  , pp.1228 - 1241 , 2016-05 , Elsevier (Cell Press)
Chromosomal aneuploidy and specific gene mutations are recognized early hallmarks of many oncogenic processes. However, the net effect of these abnormalities has generally not been explored. We focused on transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) in Down syndrome, which is characteristically associated with somatic mutations in GATA1. To better understand functional interplay between trisomy 21 and GATA1 mutations in hematopoiesis, we constructed cellular disease models using human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) and genome-editing technologies. Comparative analysis of these engineered iPSCs demonstrated that trisomy 21 perturbed hematopoietic development through the enhanced production of early hematopoietic progenitors and the upregulation of mutated GATA1, resulting in the accelerated production of aberrantly differentiated cells. These effects were mediated by dosage alterations of RUNX1, ETS2, and ERG, which are located in a critical 4-Mb region of chromosome 21. Our study provides insight into the genetic synergy that contributes to multi-step leukemogenesis.

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