Journal Article Feasibility study of chemoradiotherapy followed by amrubicin and cisplatin for limited-disease small cell lung cancer

Sekine, Ikuo  ,  Sumi, Minako  ,  Satouchi, Miyako  ,  Tsujino, Kayoko  ,  Nishio, Makoto  ,  Kozuka, Takuyo  ,  Niho, Seiji  ,  Nihei, Keiji  ,  Yamamoto, Nobuyuki  ,  Harada, Hideyuki  ,  Ishikura, Satoshi  ,  Tamura, Tomohide

107 ( 3 )  , pp.315 - 319 , 2016-03 , Wiley
ISSN:1347-9032
NCID:AA11808050
Description
To evaluate the feasibility of amrubicin plus cisplatin (AP) following chemoradiotherapy for limited-disease small-cell lung cancer, chemo-naïve patients aged 20–70 years with a performance status of 0 or 1 and normal organ functions were treated with etoposide 100 mg/m2 on days 1–3, cisplatin 80 mg/m2 on day 1 and concurrent thoracic radiotherapy at 45 Gy/30 fractions (EP-TRT), followed by three cycles of amrubicin 40 mg/m2 on days 1–3 and cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1 every 3 weeks. The EP-TRT could be completed in 21 patients (15 male and 6 female patients with a median age of 62 years). Of these, 2, 1 and 18 (86%) patients received one, two and three cycles of AP, respectively. Sixteen (76%) patients required granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) support. Grade 3/4 neutropenia occurred in all patients. Grade 3 febrile neutropenia was observed in 9 patients, lasting for 1 day in 5 patients. The incidences of grade 3/4 thrombocytopenia and anemia were 43 and 24%, respectively. Grade 3 infection and anorexia occurred in 2 and 3 patients, respectively. The response rate was 95%. The median (95% confidence interval [CI]) progression-free survival (PFS) was 41.9 (0–102) months, and the 5-year PFS rate (CI) was 41.9% (20.4–63.4%). The median overall survival (OS) has not been reached yet, and the 5-year OS rate (CI) was 57.8% (35.2–80.4%). In conclusion, EP-TRT followed by AP therapy was well-tolerated, although a large number of patients required G-CSF support.
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