Journal Article SENJU: a new time-of-flight single-crystal neutron diffractometer at J-PARC

Ohhara, Takashi  ,  Kiyanagi, Ryoji  ,  Oikawa, Kenichi  ,  Kaneko, Koji  ,  Kawasaki, Takuro  ,  Tamura, Itaru  ,  Nakao, Akiko  ,  Hanashima, Takayasu  ,  Munakata, Koji  ,  Moyoshi, Taketo  ,  Kuroda, Tetsuya  ,  Kimura, Hiroyuki  ,  Sakakura, Terutoshi  ,  Lee, Chang-Hee  ,  Takahashi, Miwako  ,  Ohshima, Ken-Ichi  ,  Kiyotani, Tamiko  ,  Noda, Yukio  ,  Arai, Masatoshi

49 ( Part 1 )  , pp.120 - 127 , 2016-02 , International Union of Crystallography
SENJU is a new single-crystal time-of-flight neutron diffractometer installed at BL18 at the Materials and Life Science Experimental Facility of the Japan Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC). The diffractometer was designed for precise crystal and magnetic structure analyses under multiple extreme sample environments such as low temperature, high pressure and high magnetic field, and for diffraction measurements of small single crystals down to 0.1 mm(3) in volume. SENJU comprises three choppers, an elliptical shape straight supermirror guide, a vacuum sample chamber and 37 scintillator area detectors. The moderator-to-sample distance is 34.8 m, and the sample-to-detector distance is 800 mm. The wavelength of incident neutrons is 0.4-4.4 Å (first frame). Because short-wavelength neutrons are available and the large solid angle around the sample position is covered by the area detectors, a large reciprocal space can be simultaneously measured. Furthermore, the vacuum sample chamber and collimator have been designed to produce a very low background level. Thus, the measurement of a small single crystal is possible. As sample environment devices, a newly developed cryostat with a two-axis (ω and φ axes) goniometer and some extreme environment devices, e.g. a vertical-field magnet, high-temperature furnace and high-pressure cell, are available. The structure analysis of a sub-millimetre size (0.1 mm(3)) single organic crystal, taurine, and a magnetic structure analysis of the antiferromagnetic phase of MnF2 have been performed. These results demonstrate that SENJU can be a powerful tool to promote materials science research.

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