Journal Article Long-lived binary tunneling spectrum in the quantum Hall Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid

Washio, K.  ,  Nakazawa, R.  ,  Hashisaka, M.  ,  Muraki, K.  ,  Tokura, Y.  ,  Fujisawa, T.

93 ( 7 )  , p.075304 , 2016-02 , American Physical Society
The existence of long-lived nonequilibrium states without showing thermalization, which has previously been demonstrated in time evolution of ultracold atoms, suggests the possibility of their spatial analog in transport behavior of interacting electrons in solid-state systems. Here we report long-lived nonequilibrium states in one-dimensional edge channels in the integer quantum Hall regime. An indirect heating scheme in a counterpropagating configuration is employed to generate a nontrivial binary spectrum consisting of high- and low-temperature components. This unusual spectrum is sustained even after traveling 5–10μm, much longer than the length for electronic relaxation (about 0.1μm), without showing significant thermalization. This observation is consistent with the integrable model of Tomonaga-Luttinger liquid. The long-lived spectrum implies that the system is well described by noninteracting plasmons, which are attractive for carrying information for a long distance.

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