Journal Article Covariant density functional theory: Reexamining the structure of superheavy nuclei

Agbemava, S. E.  ,  Afanasjev, A. V.  ,  Nakatsukasa, T.  ,  Ring, P.

92 ( 5 )  , p.054310 , 2015-11 , The American Physical Society
A systematic investigation of even-even superheavy elements in the region of proton numbers 100≤Z≤130 and in the region of neutron numbers from the proton-drip line up to neutron number N=196 is presented. For this study we use the five most up-to-date covariant energy density functionals of different types, with a nonlinear meson coupling, with density-dependent meson couplings, and with density-dependent zero-range interactions. Pairing correlations are treated within relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory based on an effective separable particle-particle interaction of finite range and deformation effects are taken into account. This allows us to assess the spread of theoretical predictions within the present covariant models for the binding energies, deformation parameters, shell structures, and α-decay half-lives. Contrary to the previous studies in covariant density functional theory, it was found that the impact of N=172 spherical shell gap on the structure of superheavy elements is very limited. Similar to nonrelativistic functionals, some covariant functionals predict the important role played by the spherical N=184 gap. For these functionals (NL3*, DD-ME2, and PC-PK1) there is a band of spherical nuclei along and near the Z=120 and N=184 lines. However, for other functionals (DD-PC1 and DD-MEδ) oblate shapes dominate at and in the vicinity of these lines. Available experimental data are, in general, described with comparable accuracy and do not make it possible to discriminate between these predictions.

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