, p.034321 , 2015-09 , the American Physical Society
Background: Spurious zero-energy Nambu-Goldstone (NG) modes appear when the symmetry of a system is spontaneously broken. The Thouless-Valatin inertia, the collective inertia of the NG mode, contains important information concerning collective motion.Purpose: To establish an efficient and precise method for deriving the collective inertia and the conjugate operator of a NG mode, I derive an expression for the response function in terms of the coordinate-momentum representation of the quasiparticle random-phase approximation which is valid even if a symmetry-restoring zero-energy mode is present.Methods: I use the finite amplitude method for computing the response function of superfluid nuclei with the nuclear density functional theory.Results: I derived analytically the collective inertia and the conjugate coordinate operator of the NG mode from the zero-energy linear response with the momentum operator of the NG mode. The formulation is tested in the cases of translational and pairing rotational modes. Illustrative calculations are performed for the neutron pairing rotation in Sn isotopes, the proton pairing rotation in N=82 isotones, and the neutron and proton pairing rotations around the Xe130 nucleus.Conclusions: The proposed formulation allows us to compute the collective inertia of the NG mode precisely and efficiently. The conjugate coordinate operator can be utilized to remove spurious contributions to the strength distribution in the finite amplitude method.