Emotional characteristics and contents of autobiographical memories in undergraduate students.
233 , 2017-03-30 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
Autobiographical memory is the memory of personal experiences related to self (Conway & Pleydell-\Pearce, 2000). The ability to combine experience and self develops in adolescence (McLean, 2008). In \this study, undergraduate students were asked to freely recall autobiographical events. The content of \these memories was analyzed, and the temporal transitions of associated emotions were identiﬁed. The \results indicated that events experienced during ages 3-6 and 15-18 years were recalled more frequently \than those experienced during other periods. The results also indicated that emotions differed \depending on the age when the event occurred. Events associated with gratitude, sadness, surprise \and distress generated more positive feelings when recalled than did other events. The content of most \memories was classiﬁed as follows: school/education, play (such as travel), praise/achievement, events \involving others, and failure. Most memories recalled from the ages of 3-6 years were categorized as \“play (such as travel)” and “failures”, and those recalled from the ages of 15-18 years were categorized \as “school/education” and “praise/achievement”. The relationships between emotions and the content of \autobiographical memories in undergraduate students are discussed extensively.