||預かり保育の「ニーズ」はいかに語られるか : 都内幼稚園の保育者へのインタビュー調査の分析から
Need Interpretation over Extra Hours for Childcare in Kindergartens : Analysis of Interviews with Teachers in Tokyo
183 , 2017-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
The purpose of this study was to investigate teachers’ need interpretation over “extra hours for \childcare in kindergartens”. The data was based on semi-structured narrative interviews in 2013 with \ten teachers working at kindergartens in Tokyo which provide extra hours for childcare. In particular, \the study analyzed the discourse about needs from a perspective by Fraser (1989), for she drew social \structural shifts and political culture by focusing on need interpretation and analyzing contests among \rival discourse about needs.\ The results indicated there were both positive and negative discourses about needs for childcare. \Teachers realized and accepted that parents have diﬃculty raising their children and need childcare \support. On the other hand, several teachers had a somewhat negative view of parents, mentioned the \importance of education at home and emphasized needs of children, though they admitted the necessity \for extra hours for childcare. In either case, teachers interpreted that the extra hours for childcare were \needed for children, rather than for parents.\ In summary, these findings suggested that discourses about children effected on the need \interpretation over extra hours for childcare.