Father-Child Relationships and Socio-emotional Development of3-year-old Children : A Cross Cultural Comparison between Japan and the U.K.
164 , 2017-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
This study examined the association of father-child relationships with socioemotional development \of 3-year-old children. A cross cultural comparison was conducted utilizing hierarchical multiple \regression model deploying the matched sample data drawn from general population of Japan and the \U.K. The Japanese data was collected from parents of 3-year-old kindergarteners in Tokyo metropolitan \area, while the UK data was carefully selected from the subsample of the Millennium Cohort Study at \Sweep 2. This study conﬁrmed that children with better father-child relationships showed signiﬁcantly \less socioemotional diﬃculties in both contexts. Furthermore, the function of paternal relationships in \terms of child’s socio-emotional diﬃculties remained a signiﬁcant predictor even after accounting for \mother-child relationships, which has been known to have strong eﬀects on child development. Father-\child relationships were also found to be a signiﬁcant predictor of child prosocial development, but this \association was not conﬁrmed after accounting for mother-child relationships. It is noteworthy that \the similar positive functions of father-child relationships, independent from mother-child relationships, \were suggested in the two culturally diﬀerent contexts. These ﬁndings highlighted the importance of \formation of positive father-child relationships in their oﬀ-springs’ socioemotional adjustment.