How to improve feasibility of written disclosure
125 , 2017-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
This study investigated how to improve feasibility in disclosing personal distress by writing. \Disclosing personal distresses, such as mental problems, by writing is thought to be good for health. \However, qualitative research about the utility of written disclosure was not been conducted enough. \Written disclosure is a single-handed approach contrary to oral disclosure. To fully utilize written \disclosure, the exploration of its process is important.\In this study, a 3-day written disclosure task was introduced to eight Japanese undergraduate students individually. Semi-structured interviews were conducted one week after the task. Analyses with the KJ method suggested written disclosure was often used when participants felt uncomfortable receiving advice directly from others, and it helped the writer better express his/her problems. \Furthermore, successful experiences of disclosure were found to increase positive attitudes toward using written disclosure.\Results suggested participants were sometimes hesitant to write about their serious issues, so dealing with less severe issues on the ﬁrst day would be advisable. Also, written disclosure was thought to be \more appropriate than oral disclosure when the participant had not necessarily pinpointed the cause of the problem.