The self-awareness of ethnic identity of the third and forth generation Japanese-Brazilian youths in Japan
85 , 2017-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
The aim of this study is to clarify the self-awareness of ethnic identity of the third and forth generation Japanese-Brazilian youths who are living in Japan. The semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 young Japanese-Brazilian people with Japanese elementary and junior high school \experience. The analysis results with regard to the self-awareness of the subjects’ current ethnic identity were classiﬁed into three categories: “Brazilian identity”, “Bicultural identity”, and “Japanese identity”. Next, the cases of the process for forming the self-awareness of ethnic identity were examined. Moreover, the following factors were considered: the inﬂuence of parent-child relationships, \recognition of ethnic identity by others who know the subjects, the presence or absence of return experience to Brazil, return timing and self-determination to return on the self-awareness of ethnic identity. The following three points were revealed as factors to form the self-awareness of ethnic \identity of Japanese-Brazilian youths. First, recognition of ethnic identity by others is important. \Second, a good parent-child relationship has a positive effect on ethnic identity as Brazilian. \Third, formation of the self-awareness of ethnic identity is associated with return timing and self-determination to return.