||セルジューク朝における王権の一考察 : フトバの政治的役割
The kingship under the Seljūq : The political function of the khuṭba (sermon at Friday prayer)
45 , 2017-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
This paper analyses the function of the khuṭba (sermon), which was addressed with the Sultan’s name on the minbar (pulpit) in mosques during Friday prayers in the Seljuq period (1038‒1194). The khuṭba has been studied as a sovereign’s privileged symbol. Here, I enumerate the political aspects of \the khuṭba and chronologically investigate them through the following three stages: ⑴ from Ṭughril Bek’s conquest of Central Asia and Eastern Iran to enter Baghdad, the capital of the Abbāsid dynasty \(1055), ⑵ from 1055 to the death of Sulṭan Malik Shāh (1092), ⑶ from 1092 to the collapse of the Great Seljūqid dynasty (1157). \The conditions concerning the khuṭba changed over the course of time, including aspects related to who had the right to announce one's name in the khuṭba and who permitted whom to mention one's name in it. The relations between the Abbāsid Caliph and the Seljūqid Sultan also underwent a transformation. During the early period, the khuṭba with the names of the Abbāsid Caliph and Seljūqid Sultan authorised the Sultan's legitimacy in the Islamic world. However, later, when several Sultans fought each other for succession, the khuṭba in the Sultan of Baghdad’s name was used as an important political instrument to demonstrate who the current Sultan was.