“Marriage” has been defined as a socially recognized spouses’union or legal\relationship between spouses. However, in the Qin Dynasty and the early Han\Dynasty of China, the word “ 夫妻(spouses)” had ambiguous meanings even in\legal documents, and even couples in relationships that were not yet authorized\by their society were called “ 夫妻(spouses)”. It is assumed that the word had\three meanings: one was a relationship built on a private promise, another was a\relationship built by social recognition, and the third was a relationship built by\state authorization.\ Up to now, whether “marriages” in ancient China needed permission\from the government or not has been discussed. However, in consulting\some excavated material, this study proposes that “marriage” did not require\permission from the government. Nevertheless, the government guaranteed the\right of people’s marital relationship, and regulated it. The structure of “family”\of that period was different from our modern “family”, so we should consider\afresh how to interpret the word “ 婚姻(marriage)” and “ 夫妻(spouses)” in\regards to the regionality and the era.