Departmental Bulletin Paper 措置委託解除後の元里親子関係 : 関係の再編・調整過程に着目して
Relationships between Former Foster Parents and Care Leavers After the Termination of Foster Care Contracts

安藤, 藍

23pp.17 - 30 , 2016-11-21 , お茶の水女子大学生活社会科学研究会
NCID:AN10459016
Description
本稿は,里親が通常18歳までの満期措置委託期間を過ぎた元里子との関係を\いかに再編・調整し,意味づけているのか,その経験的世界から明らかにする\ことを目的とした.分析には,元里父母10名を対象とした半構造化インタビュー\調査による語りをもちいた.分析の結果,措置委託解除には,責任の終わる区\切りと捉えられる場合がある一方,基本的には今後の関係継続を見越した通過\点という見方がなされていた.本調査において元里親は,元里子との関係調整\にあたり,子どもの経済的・生活や精神的自立を主に基準としており,元里親\たちはそれに至るまで可能な限りの支援をおこなっていた.元里子の現状はさ\まざまであり,元里親子の意向があわず再編のすすまないケースもあった.し\かし元里子の現況にかかわらず,元里親たちは子どもとの間になんらかのつな\がりを感じており,独自の意味づけがみられることを確認した.
Foster parents are persons who bring up children on public child welfare programs. Legal\relationship between foster parents and foster children comes to an end because foster programs\are targeting children who are up to eighteen years old. In Japan, however, some former foster\parents continue to support their former foster children and they sometimes live together. The\purpose of this paper is to explore how former foster parents negotiate with their care leavers\and reconstruct the new relationship with them. To attain the purpose of this paper, we adopted\a qualitative research method. The data was gathered by semi-structured interviews with\former foster parents.\Our results indicate the following three points. First, ending a legal relationship is perceived as\ambiguous for foster parents. On one hand it is perceived as a turning point for them which\means the end of the responsive relationship, and on the other hand they basically perceive that\the age out of care is only waypoint to transition to adulthood. Second, it is important for foster\parents that their foster children stand their own feet to reconstruct former foster parent-child\relationships. For their foster children’s independence, foster parents support them economically,\emotionally, and physically. Third, foster parents recognize their foster parent-child relationships\by using words like “real parent-child” and “normal mother” compared to families with blood ties.\The foster children’s outcome varied, and in some cases intentions for continuation do not match\each other between foster parent and their foster child.\Regardless of children’s outcomes, foster parents felt some kind of connections for their foster\child and the connections denote important for former foster parents.
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