Departmental Bulletin Paper 政党による「女性活用」 : 県議会議員選挙を事例に
Promoting Women's Participation in Local Election by Political Party Candidate Rectruitment : A Case of Prefectural Assemblies in Japan

大木, 直子

23pp.1 - 15 , 2016-11-21 , お茶の水女子大学生活社会科学研究会
In Japan, the presence of women officeholders in local assemblies has increased at all levels of\local government, prefecture, city, Tokyo Special Ward, town and village, since the late 1980s.\While the large-scale municipal mergers in the 2000s decreased the total number of legislators in\local assemblies, the percentage of female legislators in those assemblies increased significantly.\However, this paper also points out a few limitations with regards to female political\participation. Firstly, the proportion of female legislators differs in different levels of local\assemblies. The percentage of women legislators at the prefectural legislature is the lowest\among all types of local legislatures. Secondly, in prefectural assemblies, the number of women\officeholders of the major parties, such as the Democratic Party of Japan( DPJ) and the Liberal\Democratic Party (LDP) increased dramatically in the Nation-wide Local Election in 2011 and\2015. Why did the number of female candidates who are affiliated with the two major political\parties increase in prefectural assemblies? How do the parties recruit female candidates at\electoral districts? Taking this into consideration, this paper discusses recent characteristics and\changes in partisan women’s political participation in local assemblies by shedding light on the\candidate recruitment of political parties.

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