KAIBARA Ekiken's Raku (Pleasure) and learning, focusing on Rakukun
5-8 , 2016-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
Kaibara Ekiken, a confucian in Edo era, wrote the book Rakukun that illuminates appropriate\Raku (pleasure) to people in 1710. The purpose of this paper is to define what Ekiken thought is the\authentic Raku, from three points of view, world, human and practice. It also clarifies the core of his\Raku.\ In Rakukun, Ekiken asserts the Raku is very important for human-beings and people are not able\to live without it. His Raku can be divided into two types. One is the Raku that people have by\nature, the other is Raku that people obtain from things existing out of themselves, like foods, clothes,\beautiful sceneries and books. He thought those Raku emerge when people live according to Jin:\virtuous of human-beings, and Michi: correct way to live. That is his Raku means not only emotion,\but form of existence. He indicates that people must learn to control their hearts and keep sensibility\to realize those Raku all the time. That is why Ekiken described many kinds of Raku closely in\Rakukun and aims to open their eyes. His suggestion must be useful to consider of relationships\between Raku and our lives in today.