Merits and demerits of the concept of “Gender Identity Disorder”: Relief and exclusion of a person
182 , 2016-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
The purpose of this paper is to show how the term “Gender Identity Disorder (GID)” has functioned\in Japan since the term spreading to common. Until around the year 2000, when GID has come to be\generally recognized in Japan, transgender were often confused with homosexual. It is the achievement\of the term GID that separating transgender from homosexual with spreading the term gender identity\and sexual orientation. Distinction of these concepts is especially important for transgenders, because\they enable transgender to explain their specific difficulties.\On the other hand, the term GID is causing the following problems. First, the term had been divided\transgenders into two groups: people who are diagnosed with GID and otherwise. Since GID is Medical\disease, the diagnosis by a physician is regarded more important than claim of “ patient”. Second, in\order to clarify the difference between “fake GID” and “genuine GID”, Some people detach GID from\fluidity of gender identity or talk about GID as “correct human” in heteronormativity.\Above two problems are strategies for transgender, placed in the periphery in heteronormative\society, to live better. However, it is necessary to care about non-typical transgender (e.g., gender\queer) who are made further invisible.