How Do University Students Perceive “Ikinikusa” of Students with Developmental Disabilities? : Focusing on Attitudes of Their Peers and Teachers in Primary and Middle School
58 , 2016-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
This paper investigates how university students perceive “ Ikinikusa ” (barriers to live) of students\with developmental disabilities. It is based on a questionnaire given to 13 university students in Japan.\They reflected on their primary and middle school experiences, focusing on attitudes of their peers and\teachers towards the disabled students.\It was found that their peers and teachers had various attitudes towards the disabled students. The\participants perceived many peers behaved negatively. On the other hand, some teachers seemed to\treat all students equally, while other teachers were supportive towards the disabled students. Also,\the questionnaire results indicated that university students believed disabled students’ “Ikinikusa” was\caused by loneliness and unfavorable experiences in school and society. Moreover, this study showed\that “ Ikinikusa ” was related to peers ’ negative and teachers ’ supportive attitudes towards disabled\students.\It is suggested that teachers’ supportive attitudes in special needs education lead to peers regarding\disabled students as those “who need special help”.