A review of research on gratitude: Applied to teaching Japanese as a second language
10 , 2016-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
The purpose of this paper is to summarize the intercultural research of Japanese gratitude expressions\and to suggest further ideas on what concepts could be applied to teaching Japanese as a second\language. First, I review the theoretical background of the pragmatics of gratitude. Then, I discuss\contrastive linguistics studies focusing on Japanese. In the final analysis it is revealed that the Japanese\language has a comparatively wider application for human relationships or things, and the situations in\which those utterances take place are more frequent than other languages. Furthermore, it has various\speech formula and expression strategies.\ However, contrastive studies are limited to a few papers, most of them are compared with English\language or Korean. Besides, most of those studies are about the use of apology as substitute\expression of gratitude. Also, there is a lack of scholarship on Japanese learner’s pragmatic transfer. In\the future, the wider aspects of Japanese gratitude expressions should be investigated.