Analytical Perspectives on Electoral Gender Quotas in Post-Conflict Countries
265 , 2015-03-31 , お茶の水女子大学大学院人間文化創成科学研究科
Electoral gender quotas to promote women's representation in politics have been adopted in\both developed and post-conflict countries. Gender quotas result in higher women participation in\legislatures in most of the countries where they are introduced. While a substantial literature explores\the factors for the global diffusion in the adoption of gender quotas, such as who is for or against\gender quotas, for what reasons, and with what impact, little attention has been paid to the issues\surrounding the holding of elections in post-conflict countries. Elections in post-conflict countries\are an integral part of the process of choosing representatives, conferring legitimacy on the state, and\developing democratic politics. Although United Nations peacekeeping missions provide assistance for\holding elections in post-conflict countries, it is not easy to plan and hold them since these countries\face many difficult and contradictory issues, which are particular to their situation. This article reviews\these issues and examines the analytical perspectives that reflect the situation of post-conflict countries.\It concludes that when assessing electoral gender quotas in post-conflict countries, issues regarding the\holding of elections and the conditions in which electoral gender quotas promote democracy need to\be considered.