||A consideration on the behavioral principle PD led from the writings of Partha Dasgupta on Facts and Values
16 , 2016-03 , 山口大学大学院東アジア研究科
Can we conquer the difference of values? This is the main theme of this study. Considerations on “Facts and Values” become more important when the state of affairs change drastically because some kinds of values lose their effectiveness then. Values, as a kind of knowledge, enable people to make decisions easily and efficiently because they enable people to decide something without evaluating it under the normal state. If the prerequisites of value judgments, or the state of affairs from which values have been drawn out, change, however, some relating values cannot show the best way that people should take. It may be impossible for an individual person alone without cooperative actions to prevent or mitigate the changes of the prerequisites of value judgments. Thus considering the sustainability of well-being of all the people in the world, cooperation is one of the important strategies to mitigate and overcome the undesirable impacts caused by the change of the state of affairs. Constructing cooperation among people possessed with different values, however, is difficult, because certain values filter certain cognitions of facts in value judgments, and this function of values prevents people from sharing important cognitions. Dasgupta （2001）assumes the existence of core commonality of human mind that might enable people to achieve an agreement when they share the same important cognition of facts. After the introduction of the Behavioral Principle PD led from the writings of Dasgupta（ 2001） about “Facts and Values”, some of the limits of the Behavioral Principle PD are investigated.