Departmental Bulletin Paper <特集>米国ホームスクール規制法制の現状と課題 : 「子どもの将来の自律性」と「親の教育の自由」の観点から
<Specials>Current Homeschooling Regulations in the U.S. : What are the Problems in terms of the Autonomy of a Child to be Developed and the Parents' Education Freedom?

宮口, 誠矢

In the U.S., each state sets homeschool regulations. The present paper analyzed the regulations and their problems, focusing on the parents’ educational freedom and the child’s interest to be autonomous. Some researchers in the U.S. and Japan argue that the states should mandate that homeschooling parents make their children engage with different values. The researchers claim that such engagement is essential for the child to be able to choose their own path in life. In the research, I revealed that no state has regulations to let the homeschooled child have such engagement. Many states, however, mandate homeschooling parents, who chose any homeschool options in those states, to give an instruction for their children to acquire basic literacy and numeracy skills which are essential to be autonomous. I suggested that outcome evaluation conducted by a certified teacher, psychologist, and so forth should guarantee the engagement with different values and acquirement of the basic cognitive skills to homeschooled children. Lastly, no states, that mandate or encourage to give due weight to or hear the views of the homeschooled child, cannot be found. However, particularly in the administrative process of approving or recognizing the homeschool initiation or termination, the view of the child should be heard and given due weight because the result of such process would have a significant influence on the future of the child.

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