紀要論文 19世紀アメリカにおける女性の社会参加と宗教 : 禁酒運動とフランシス・ウィラードを事例に
Women’s Social Participation and Religion in the Nineteenth Century America : The Case of the Temperance Movement and Frances Willard

飯田, 陽子

34pp.127 - 155 , 2017-03-31 , 東京大学文学部宗教学研究室
ISSN:02896400
NII書誌ID(NCID):AN10032645
内容記述
The temperance movement is a social reform movement which reflects Protestant ethical values. In the context of the study of women’s history in the United States, it is also seen as forming one of the first waves that expanded women’s participation in society. In this article, by focusing on this religiously motivated women’s movement and Frances Willard who was a leading figure of the women’s temperance movement, I discuss religion’s role in American women’s social participation in the late nineteenth century. In order to examine how religion worked in promoting women’s social engagement, I first demonstrate the way the temperance movement has been depicted in the study of women’s history (Chapter 1), an outline of the history of the temperance movement (Chapter 2) and how women’s social participation and religious aspects of the movement are described in the study of temperance movement history (Chapter 3). In the final chapter (Chapter 4), based on an overall discussion of the women’s temperance movement presented in the previous chapters, I focus on religious thoughts of an influential temperance leader Frances Willard and analyze the way her religious attitude connects with women’s social participation. Through the analysis of Willard’s thoughts and practice, it can be considered that her religious faith as a devout Christian is what motivated her to engage in the social reform activity and her religious language played an important role in convincing Protestant women to participate in the temperance movement.
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