Departmental Bulletin Paper 多国間関係のなかの移民問題と日本外交 : 外国人労働者待遇問題への関与と「安達修正」
Japanese Diplomacy and the Multilateral Discussions on Immigration Problems : Japanese Commitment to Equal Treatment of Foreigners and Japanese Amendment of Geneva Protocol in 1924

番定, 賢治

17pp.59 - 75 , 2017-04 , 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科附属グローバル地域研究機構アメリカ太平洋地域研究センター
Many academics have been interested in the reaction of the Japanese government to immigration problems in the Interwar period, especially her reaction to American Immigration Act of 1924. However, there still are not enough works on how the Japanese government reacted in the multilateral discussions concerning immigration problems, especially the discussion in the League of Nations. This article will argue that the Japanese government took the initiative in the discussion in the League to solve immigration problems under a multilateral framework. Just after 1919, the Japanese government refrained from proposing the abolishment of racial discrimination again in the discussion of the amendment of the Covenant of the League, and in the discussion in the first International Conference of Emigration and Immigration held at Rome in 1924. However, the Japanese government took the initiative in the discussion in the Economic Committee of the League to realize equal treatment of foreigners, which could be helpful to Japanese immigrants. In 1924, when the Geneva Protocol was proposed in the fifth assembly of the League, the Japanese delegates proposed an amendment which enabled the League Council to commit to the disputes regarded as domestic matters, and they finally fulfilled their proposal. After 1924, the Japanese government insisted on discussing the treatment of foreigners and population problem at the International Economic Conference held at Geneva in 1927, and her proposal led to the realization of the International Conference on Treatment of Foreigners in 1929.

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