Eliade and Cioran’s Thought as Informed by the Records of Constantin Noica and Marietta Sadova
45 , 2016-03-31 , 東京大学文学部宗教学研究室
The Socialist Republic of Romanian (Republica Socialistă România, RSR) was a one‐party socialist state that existed from 1947 to 1989. Harsh persecutions of enemies of the Communist government started with the Soviet occupation in 1945. The Departament of State Security (Securitate, Departamentul Securităţii Statului) was founded on August 1948. Many prewar elites, who could potentially form an anti‐communist resistance, were placed under the surveillance of the Securitate. State censorship was put into place, and publications of the works of prewar elites such as Mircea Eliade and Emil Cioran, were forbidden. Constantin Noica, a prominent Romanian philosopher, launched an internal dissident movement against Communist regime. Noica maintained a close relationship with Eliade and Cioran, who were leading advocate of a group of Romanian exiles. Noica asked Marietta Sadova, who was Romanian actress and played a public performance in Paris in 1956, to meet directly with Eliade and Cioran and to bring their books to Romania. It is possible that Eliade’s and Cioran’s works were considered a key factor in the resistance against Communist regime. This paper focuses on Noica and Sadova’s own statements. These statements describe a cooperative relationship between interior dissident movements against Communist regime and groups of Romanian exiles. I analyze how the Securitate and the dissident movement considered Eliade and Cioran’s thought as something that was contrary to the control of information by the Communist regime.