||米国におけるリベラルアーツ分野の大学院教育とその専門職的機能 : 歴史学を事例として
Linkages of Graduate Education and Professional Jobs in Liberal Arts and Sciences in the United States : A Case of the Field of History
192 , 2016-03-31 , 東京大学大学院教育学研究科
In knowledge-based society, graduate education is important to cultivate talented individuals with advanced intellectual skills. However, in Japan, graduate education is currently not highly evaluated in the labor market. Particularly, academic fields in humanities and social sciences are struggling to get social and professional relevance. In this article, I will discuss on the professionalization of graduate education in liberal arts in the United States. In recent years, graduate education in liberal arts, particularly its masters’ programs, tries to be more professional oriented. These trends are known as Professional Science Masters (PSM) programs in natural sciences, but in humanities and social sciences graduate education still experiences difficulties in shifting their focus to professional jobs. This article discusses on the field of history as a case study of this trend in liberal arts. The changes in the field of history are not a huge movement, but still, there are some meaningful trends to change graduate education to have more professional relevance. This trend has some implications to the future of Japanese graduate education.