||「進学校」制度の確立過程と教師の主体性 : 東北地方Ｘ高校を事例として
The Establishment of Shingakukou Institutions and Teachers’ Agency : The Case Study of X High School in Tohoku Region, Japan
128 , 2016-03-31 , 東京大学大学院教育学研究科
The purpose of this study is to examine how micro-level individual agency establishes the shingakukou institutions through a case study of X high school in the Tohoku region, Japan. Shingakukou refers to high schools that have higher rates of student university entrance. Furthermore, shingakukou institutions mean shared cognitive concepts about appropriate organizational structures and organizational actors’ behaviors as shingakukou. This study focuses on the mechanism of institutionalization as increasing objectification. This mechanism includes theorization. Strang and Meyer (1993) pointed out that theorization is accelerated by “The formulation of patterned relationships such as chains of cause and effect.” The analysis of this study showed that X high school teachers constructed the logic which their practices and their defined outcome had correlation. They introduced the statistic method, which visualized such correlation. As a result, the relationship between the constructed practices of X high school and their outcome became a chain of cause and effect. It was regarded as the theorization of their practices, and at the same time, objectification of institutionalization.